Japanese Tea Ceremony
Tea ceremony was initiated Murata Juko (1422-1502), and perfected by Sen-no Rikyu (1522-1591),who exalted an everyday act of drinking tea to an integrated art from by stylizing manners of etiquette.Maccha, or powdered tea leaves, is used in the tea ceremony.
As one of the ceremony's most fundamental elements, the host is to follow various rule in every procedure of tea making, from making the fire, adding hot water to tea cups, stirring tea with a whisk until it gets foamy, to serving it.
Another important element is a shared sense of communication between the host and the guests throughout the ceremony. The host, in order to entertain his or her guests, takes utmost care in every step of the preparation processes, such as in choosing everything from tea utensils, to a handling scroll, flowers, a vase and other amenities to go with the environment.
The guest are expected to express their understanding of the host's consideration and gratitude toward the host's efforts.