Noh and Kyogen
When did Noh originate
Noh theater is expressed through dance and music called Utai. Noh is based on the song and dance taken from Sangaku. Sangaku was a form of entertainment introduced from the continent during the Nara period and included acrobatic, magic, and song and dance.
This song and dance developed in a uniquely Japanese way, and by the latter half of the Kamakura period, the stylistic features of the No theater were completed. In 1374 the Shogun, Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, watched a Noh performance and was deeply impressed; after this , The Noh theater advanced under his patronage. Kan'ami and his son Zeami developed the artistry of the No theatrical form. and established its theoretical underpinnings. Today, there are five school of Nho theater- The kanze, Hosho,Komparu,Kongo, and Kita.
What is the relationship between No and Kyogen
They are like twins. A form of comic imitations originating from Sangaku, also the originn of Noh, over the year developed into a farcical drama based on comis dialogue which then became Kyogen. On the other hand, it was the more serious song and dance drama known as Utai and mai, which became the Noh theater.