Today, Kamakura is a very popular tourist destination.
Located by the sea, Kamakura is a haven of peace and quiet.
The beach will revive the spirits and relax the mind.
Cultural and political capital of Japan from 1192 until its bloody and violent razing of 1333, Kamakura is a treasure trove of eccentric temples and interesting shrines.
The most famous and revered sight at Kamakura is the big Buddha who meditates calmly, framed by trees and groups of camera clicking tourists.
He has survived fire, floods, tidal waves, typhoons and even the great earthquake of 1923.
But still he sits casting his serene gaze over the surrounding hills, a figure of salvation.
Tsurugaoka Hachimangu is Kamakura's most important shrine.
It was founded by Minamoto Yoriyoshi in 1063, and enlarged and moved to its current site in 1180 by Minamoto Yoritomo, the founder and first shogun of the Kamakura government.
The shrine is dedicated to Hachiman, the patron god of the Minamoto family and of the samurai in general.
The deified spirits of the ancient Emperor Ojin who has been identified with Hachiman, Empress Jingu and Emperor Chuai are enshrined in the main buildings of the Tsurugaoka Hachimangu Shrine.